Summer 2012 will see one debate generate considerable heat: who should be the next President of India after President Pratibhatai Devisingh Patil retires this July. The head of state of the Republic of India, the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and yes, ideally speaking, also the nation’s conscience-keeper. Political circles are abuzz with a few names who could wear these hats; who, if any of them, will eventually occupy Rashtrapati Bhavan depends on a number of political permutations and combinations.
Pundits and professionals, depending on their own persuasions, are divided in their opinion on whether the next president of the country should be a career politician or someone non-political but held in high regard; the scale tilts towards the former. “The president has a constitutional responsibility and defined constitutional role that must be discharged in a non-partisan manner,” says Dr Ajit Ranade, economist and one of the founders of the Association for Democratic Reform (ADR). “We should not be looking for a messiah here; instead the focus should be on strengthening democratic systems and processes.”
The frontrunners from the political firmament are predictable. Vice-president Hamid Ansari, PM Manmohan Singh, Union finance minister Pranab Mukherjee, Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar top the political list. These names have done the rounds in the last few months and it’s not difficult to see why; the next incumbent of Rashtrapati Bhavan will be swearing in the prime minister after the general election in 2014, or even earlier, and may be called upon to take tough political decisions. “It’s too early to discuss any candidate; let’s wait and see the political alignments after the assembly results,” says a Congress general secretary.
A possible scenario is that vice-president Ansari is elevated by some cobbling up of political consensus and an NDA-affiliated leader is made vice-president. When BJP president Nitin Gadkari remarked recently that Shiv Sena leader and former Lok Sabha Speaker Manohar Joshi could play “a larger role” after his Rajya Sabha term ends in April, the speculation was if Joshi would succeed Ansari. That, of course, would depend on whether Ansari is voted into Rashtrapati Bhavan, and the changing BJP-Sena equations. As Joshi says, “it’s hazardous to expect anything in politics”. If Ansari does become a presidential candidate, his election would depend on what the feisty Bengal CM Mamata Banerjee decides: oppose him to spite the Left or vote with the UPA for a rain-check.
“It’s the middle-class fantasy to have a non-political or apolitical president, but make no mistake, no one can occupy Rashtrapati Bhavan unless he/she has something to do with politics,” points out Paranjoy Guha Thakurta, political commentator. “We can speculate on non-political names to amuse ourselves, but it’s a political exercise.” Mumbai-based analyst and editor Kumar Ketkar agrees. “There have been suggestions like Narayanamurthy or Amitabh Bachchan, so that we send out a certain signal to the world and so on.” he says. “But these people will be out of their depth in the office. It may be a ceremonial office but it’s also a constitutional office.”
Film icon Amitabh Bachchan, Infosys founder (and now mentor) Narayanamurthy, Tata Sons czar Ratan Tata are some suggestions from the professional class. In fact, these are popular candidatures in the virtual world. Murthy as the next president of India was trending on Twitter late last year. His candidature was endorsed by none other than former president Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam while on a visit to the Infosys Global Education Centre; Kalam, when asked by a company employee in the audience what he thought of Murthy as president, replied, “Fantastic.” His rival and Wipro founder Azim Premji as president gets an even more positive response.
The Tatas had a Facebook page devoted to the cause two years ago, in which he was described as “one of the most respected and ethical business icons alive” and which exhorted that “there is no other more capable person than you for the ultimate honour to be the President of India”. Corporate India is unwilling to take positions. A CII spokesperson told Outlook, “We have no official view as this is a speculative exercise at the moment.”
Across academia and politics, the candidature of Gopal Gandhi, former West Bengal governor, finds resonance. His background, pedigree and experience mark him out to be a frontrunner among non-politicians, aver pundits. “Gopal Gandhi would be a good choice but for his own abilities, not because he’s the Mahatma’s grandson,” says Tushar Gandhi. “I would suggest two others: Aruna Roy, given her background in the IAS and her incredible body of work in the last few years; and filmmaker Shyam Benegal for his depth of understanding about India, his secularism, his experience and his public persona.” He also suggests Bachchan because “he knows how to pose for the cameras”.
Roy has considerable support; on a similar scale are Bengali writer-activist Mahasweta Devi and Self-Employed Women’s Association of India (SEWA) founder Ela Bhatt. Says Anita Ratnam, Chennai-based dancer, “The next president could be someone from the NGO sector, which is seen as an unglamorous area. The mental bandwidth should not be restricted to someone from an urban centre but has to extend to rural India.” Gnani, a political analyst from Chennai, roots for Mahasweta Devi because of her “societal concerns, writer’s sensitivity and work with adivasis”. Her criticism of the Left during the Nandigram episode, many say, showed her ability to be impartial. Maharashtra social worker Dr Abhay Bang gets a look-in too; he will know the ground realities, says Gandhi.
Pundits agree that the chances of a woman succeeding Pratibhatai Devisingh Patil are dim, but it doesn’t hurt to hope. And if gender is a consideration, can caste be far behind? There are many suggestions from Dalit writers and activists, from Dr Narendra Jadhav, former deputy governor of Reserve Bank of India and former vice-chancellor of Pune University, to Dr Bhalchandra Mungekar, former vice-chancellor of Mumbai University and now Planning Commission member. Similarly, there’s some backing for J.M. Lyngdoh, former cec, and activist-politician Suhasini Ali.
However, Dr Surendra Jondhale, head of the political science department at the Mumbai University, begs to differ. “We shouldn’t be hung up on these religious, caste and Dalit criteria. We need a president with administrative experience, commitment to nation-building and ability for crisis management because political challenges are inevitable in the next couple of years,” he says. There could be a case for a technocrat-administrator like telecom whiz Sam Pitroda, ‘Metro man’ E. Sreedharan, legal expert Fali S. Nariman, says Jondhale, but not “at this critical juncture in our political history”.
Others who drew in support were anti-corruption crusader Anna Hazare, backed by a lot of aam janata, but not by pundits; and former president Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam who many remember as “a non-political hero with charisma”. But politicians, understandably, seem disinclined to experiment with a non-political person yet again.
By Smruti Koppikar with Sugata Srinivasaraju, Madhavi Tata, Pushpa Iyengar and Amba Batra Bakshi
In our story, Who Should be Next President? (Mar 12), a line reads “The Tatas had a Facebook page devoted to the cause...” The Tatas did not, there was a Facebook devoted to the cause of Ratan Tata for next president. The error is regretted.
When our country has a puppet as a prime minister, who else can you expect to be the president but a rubber stamp (Who Should Be Next President?, Mar 12)? All we wish for is a person untainted by corruption and without any linkages to any political dynasty.
Sumirti S., Salem
The long list of options for the next president surprises me. Is it that difficult to choose the right citizen, who is well-versed in the judiciary and legislature branches, and is capable of executing his/her powers in the best interests of the rest of the countrymen?
Praveen Thimmaiah, Bangalore
The best shoe polisher of the Nehru-Gandhi clan will be the next president, period.
Why is no one thinking of Dr Farooq Abdullah? A Kashmiri at that post would have a soothing effect on the turbulent Kashmir politics. Besides, he is an eminently suitable candidate in all respects.
Samirajan, Portland, US
If the choice of last president Pratibha Patil is any indication, none of these will be the likely nominee.
Pramod K., Phoenix
Why not Dr APJ again? I think he is the best person to inhabit the Rashtrapati Bhavan.
The qualifications necessary for an Indian president today: rubber stamp-like, obedient, sycophantic and silent.
Bhagat Singh, Atlantis
J.M. Lyngdoh would make an excellent president, given his impeccable track record so far. However, his intellect, integrity and impartiality will probably come in the way.
D.L. Narayan, Visakhapatnam
Why not a non-BJP, non-Congress person like Deve Gowda?
Achutha Bhat, Bangalore
Abu Abraham’s cartoon in Indian Express on Dec 10, 1975
Remember Abu Abraham’s cartoon in Indian Express (reprinted below) showing Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed signing the Emergency declaration from his bathtub? That’s what the Congress wants.
S.S. Nagaraj, Bangalore
Why scamper around looking for the right (or any) candidate? When the time comes, the ruling coalition will spring a surprise, a la Pratibha Patil.
Sunil Kumar, Delhi
What about Diggy Raja? He has made his case by showing his willingness to take the blame for all of the Congress’s shortcomings. He might be bad for the country, but for the Congress there’s no better candidate than him.
Maha, New Jersey
I think Manmohan will be the best candidate for president. Apart from a change of residence, he won’t find the job description any different.
Ganesan, New Jersey
Not that it matters, I’ll vote for whoever is willing to cut down the expenses of maintaining a president and reduces the number of governors to between 4-6, one for each region.
Arun Maheshwari, Bangalore
Why can’t we tweak our Constitution and elect a president like the French do? Our head of state does not even have the responsibilities borne by the French president.
Ganesa Dilip, chennai
If we can consider Amitabh Bachchan, why not Saif Ali Khan? And Kareena Kapoor as first lady! Just imagine, we could settle international disputes with a headbutt.
Ultimately, we’ll have the perfect rubber stamp. This is what all the parties want—except each wants the stamp for itself.
Joshua Miranda, Chennai
It is worth wondering why ex-cji M.N. Venkatachaliah didn’t find a spot amongst the distinguished on this list. His lordship’s capability and competence has been tested time and again and duly acknowledged.
Amarendra Bajpai, Lucknow
Meira Kumar isn’t a bad choice. Visiting heads of state will no doubt be charmed by her aap baithiye na! And why Amartya Sen? There is no famine on the horizon. Why waste talent? Manmohan hears/sees/ knows nothing and will therefore do nothing. He’s out. As is Pranab da. The accent just won’t cut it. E. Sreedharan? Diehard metroman that he is, he’ll build a station inside Rashtrapati Bhavan and spoil those elegant roses.
Manish Banerjee, Calcutta
When he was Kerala chief minister, A.K. Antony was asked why he never had bodyguards. “The people are my bodyguards,” was his reply. A leader of such broad outlook merits the post instead of the showmen.
K.N. Narayana Pillai, Chennai
As PM, Manmohan Singh has proven his loyalty to the only president that matters. He has also mastered the art of maintaining stoic silence and unfailingly signing on the dotted line.
Gopal Ashrit, Bangalore
It is unfortunate that Dr Karan Singh’s name does not feature here. Considering his political and cultural contributions, the two criteria of examination, and his range of vision for promoting India, is there a better fit for the prez’s seat than he?
Radhanath Pradhan, Orissa
Let me throw Vinod Mehta’s name on the table. As Outlook editor, he founded and presided over what would become the Sonia Gandhi Vyavasthapaka Bhajan Mandali and the Rahul Gandhi Vyavasthapaka Bhashan Samiti in all but name.
Mehul Kamdar, Appleton, US
Thank you to all those who have taken the trouble to read the article and share their thoughts. Out of the arguments made here, there are two that perhaps need answering. So here they go.
1. The first part of the article compares outcomes (relative percentages of population of the religions concerned) irrespective of the process that led to those outcomes - whether immigration, relatively faster population growth or conversions. This was for two reasons. One, to put the figure of 2.3 per cent in "numerical perspective", as the article itself explained. The second reason was that outcomes are ultimately what the crux of debate is about. The rest of the article in any case dealt with process - or conversions in this case, from both a contemporary and historical perspective.
2. Some commenters have tried to cast doubts on the reliability of Census 2001. Those who do this should bear in mind that Census 2001 was conducted by a BJP government. Considering the extreme importance that BJP gives to this issue, it would be reasonable to expect that IF it had perceived a problem with the methodology that was distorting the numbers, it would have fixed it. As the article mentioned, BJP or BJP-supported governments have been in power for 10 of the last 40 years, or about a quarter of the time, and the only reasonable conclusion one can arrive at is that any misreporting of numbers, real or perceived, would be marginal and hence, not of importance.
To all other arguments made, my answer is the following: Please read the article again, with particular focus on the quotations of Vivekananda and Monier Williams, and the history of the missionary efforts in Bengal and their outcome.
i vote for azim premji
>> "Where do the comments, which we write here, go?" - PF HS Dimple
Where do the comments, which we write here, go?
I feel that some apolitical person should become the president next!
I am satisfied to behold/see atleast one writer here i.e. Mahasweta Devi in the list of the prospective presidents, and while I wish and want Mahasweta Devi, whose Hazar Chaurasi Ki Maa exposes much of what remains hidden under the files somewhere, is a masterpiece, I FEAR and am really concerned about if that Dr. Manmohan Singh becoming next President. A 'Manmohan' who can play the role of 'rubber stamp' while being the PM of the country, will not hesitate to dance to the tunes of his she-boss Sonia Gandhi, and for Sonia and Co., I am sure, Manmohan is the RIGHT CHOICE, and with his becoming the next 'rubber stamp' i.e. the president, the congress president will have freedom to 'make' her son Rahul Gandhi, the next PM!
Again, on this OUTLOOK platform, today, I foretell Dr Manmohan Singh will be our next President!!! will you bet?
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