I am a Hyderabadi and I am proud of being one. Till the merger, the ethos of Hyderabad remained the same for all of us. Though we were of separate beliefs, we had faith in each other. We were Mulkis and this included our Muslims, our Reddys and all our others who lived in the Nizam’s dominion. The Mulkis have been part and parcel of our tradition and culture since time immemorial; to the extent that we together defined Hyderabadi culture. We all spoke the same Urdu and relished the sensitive yet delectable Hyderabadi cuisine in all our homes.
And then it all changed. The red chilli arrived. Post the merger, an influx of cold, ruthless businessmen from Andhra in the south, whose sole intention was expanding their bottomlines, at any cost, infiltrated this beautiful heaven and pounced on our vulnerable, eloquent and trustworthy populace of Hyderabad. The city of old was destroyed. Our cuisine ruined.
The migrants made an elaborate effort to absorb our culture but they couldn’t. They didn’t know how, so they bought it. And Hyderabad changed in front of my eyes. Frightened of the transformation, terrified of the Naxals, unable to bring myself to plunder my city like they were doing, I left for a faraway jungle. Behind my back, the population boomed. Construction erased the face of old and a new city emerged and gave birth to the multi-billionaire ‘Andhraite’. Enterprise and trade flourished and global investment arrived. Cyberabad was born. The richest became richer, the poor crumbled. The old Hyderabadi tried to pave a path for himself. Many did succeed but most just saw the juggernaut roll past. The city became a thriving metropolis, yet lost its heart and soul in the bargain.
Before I go on extolling the incredible virtues of our now-floundering Hyderabadi culture, let me confess that I don’t understand who or what Telangana really is. To me the true-blue person of the region is a Mulki. Change that to Hyderabadi and I have no issues but why bring in a new term, Telangana? I do hope that it’s not because the term Hyderabad and Mulki is associated with Muslims, for the Hyderabad of old never differentiated between religion, caste or creed. I hope and pray that the Hyderabad of new will be able to do the same.
To us Hyderabadis, life is simple. The last Nizam departed leaving us high and dry and ever since we have been rudderless and leaderless. And so we did what comes best to us. We became degenerate and laid-back. Not wanting to assert ourselves, we allowed others to trample over us and, as a result, today, post-bifurcation, have no dynamic leaders. We never thought we would get Hyderabad back and so we never worked on a leader. It’s as simple as that.
Certainly not for the downtrodden Hyderabadis who have been left out ever since the merger and lost plum posts to the Andhraites, both in business and in government. To us Hyderabadis, it will be a rebirth, albeit in difficult times, but a rebirth nonetheless. We seriously do not want the multi- billionaires selling our state and becoming richer whilst we continue to scrape the bottom. Now we want our pound of flesh. We want our own billionaires. We want our culture back. We want our Hyderabad of old back and we want it thriving. Any Indian can hold property and do business in both Hyderabad and Andhra. But if these wealthiest living in Hyderabad, and we are certainly not that, would like to migrate back, then they are most welcome to. We might even miss a meal and buy their train tickets.
I have one request to our politicians. Do continue buying and selling our country and our democracy in money. It’s been done before. It’s a peaceful endeavour and an established tradition endorsed by all those who live in glass houses. We understand that. We just hate the fact that you threaten to put us in jail if we don’t pay taxes, for no sooner we do that, a corrupt politician grabs the chunk of money reducing it to a pathetic nothing. Do all this but please, for heaven’s sake, please do not buy our India in blood. And please for heaven’s sake do not sell our India in blood. That we will not be able to tolerate.
I know the headline on the cover of this magazine reads ‘Charminar by Two’ but Charminar was already split into two by votebank politics. Here there exists a clear-cut line dividing the Muslims and Hindus, it’s a reality that disgusts and shames me. It’s a line that will never be erased for hatred is an emotion much loved by our politicians of today. But now that the same Charminar, like our good old Hyderabadi chai, will be shared one-by-four, hopefully the born-again politicians will erase this line. My final request is that before this election our Telangana politician agrees to take a lie detector test every six months. The question will be just one, have you taken a bribe or given one. We have the technology. Let’s use it. Let’s clean the streets of Hyderabad once and for all. Hyderabad, my prayers are with you, once again.
(Hailing from the royal families of Paigah and Pataudi, former Hyderabad batsman Saad bin Jung is the author of Wild Tales from the Wild and Subhan and I: My Adventure with the Angling Legend of India. He now runs safaris in Africa.)
Apropos To All the One-By-Four Hyderabadis, Saad Bin Jung, for those who do not know, is a scion of the Paigah aristocracy. The Paigahs were the most powerful noblemen under the Asaf Jahis, second only to the Nizam, and lived off a massive jagir and even had their own massive army. Their daughters became nizam’s wives, and their sons prime ministers and generals. Sorry, but the winds of change started blowing long before sbj was born and not because of the birth of India’s 29th state.
D.L. Narayan, Visakhapatnam
This coming from a guy who made a living out of privy purses, a failed author and a half-successful cricketer!
Ajay G.S.M., Dubai
Jung is extremely sly and disingenuous about the relationship between the Nizam of Hyderabad and the people he lorded over. There were major religious riots in the prelude to Hyderabad becoming part of the Indian Union. The Urdu-speaking Mulkis of Hyderabad grabbed all the wealth, while the peasantry suffered in poverty. While famine ravaged the land, the Nizam became the richest man on the planet. In those times, coastal Andhra provided safe harbour and intellectual open space for the long-suffering peasants of Telangana. The Brahmo movement of Bengal seeded the intellectual renaissance of the Telugu people. Even to this day, coastal Andhra has never given the religious right wing a foothold. However, in Hyderabad, the MIM, with its Razakar lineage, has pushed Hyderabadi Muslims towards extreme politics. Without the liberal and tempering influence of coastal Andhra, Telangana is in danger of becoming a cauldron of hate.
Kiran, on e-mail
Much as one may hate the Andhraites for their greed and corruption, it has to be admitted that, without them, Hyderabad would never have been the successful IT and pharma hub it is today. Traditional Hyderabadi culture as defined by Jung, all its glorious details notwithstanding, was degenerate and debauched to the extreme. It was characterised by laid-back feudalism, the culture of living off other people’s earnings, with no interest in education, enterprise or hard work. The lazy nawabs and acolytes of the Nizam era would have reduced Hyderabad to a wasteland, if they had held sway post-Independence.
G. Natrajan, on e-mail
I am from Telangana and my grandparents suffered under the Nizam’s rule, but I don't feel personally bitter about the author of this piece.
P.K. Amit, Seattle, US
A standard issue “good old days” article from the “good old boys” club.
Arun Maheshwari, Bangalore
Thank you to all those who have taken the trouble to read the article and share their thoughts. Out of the arguments made here, there are two that perhaps need answering. So here they go.
1. The first part of the article compares outcomes (relative percentages of population of the religions concerned) irrespective of the process that led to those outcomes - whether immigration, relatively faster population growth or conversions. This was for two reasons. One, to put the figure of 2.3 per cent in "numerical perspective", as the article itself explained. The second reason was that outcomes are ultimately what the crux of debate is about. The rest of the article in any case dealt with process - or conversions in this case, from both a contemporary and historical perspective.
2. Some commenters have tried to cast doubts on the reliability of Census 2001. Those who do this should bear in mind that Census 2001 was conducted by a BJP government. Considering the extreme importance that BJP gives to this issue, it would be reasonable to expect that IF it had perceived a problem with the methodology that was distorting the numbers, it would have fixed it. As the article mentioned, BJP or BJP-supported governments have been in power for 10 of the last 40 years, or about a quarter of the time, and the only reasonable conclusion one can arrive at is that any misreporting of numbers, real or perceived, would be marginal and hence, not of importance.
To all other arguments made, my answer is the following: Please read the article again, with particular focus on the quotations of Vivekananda and Monier Williams, and the history of the missionary efforts in Bengal and their outcome.
>>>> Owaisi is your blood brother! Didn't you threaten me a day or two ago with what will happen in a couple of months? Your posts may be a truer reflection of Modi's mind than Modi's deceptive speeches!
>> The impending victory of the BJP has unhinged you.
Poor response to what I had said! Read my comment again. It is the truth.
Mr. Jung shouldnt forget that Nostalgia is a seductive liar. He runs Safaris in Africas and say the South African whites get nostalgic about the apartheid regime and makes a Coolie of his Royal Highness? I wonder how would that make him feel.
"Owaisi is your blood brother! Didn't you threaten me a day or two ago with what will happen in a couple of months? " CAIR pracharak
The impending victory of the BJP has unhinged you. Please seek psychiatric help.
>> if there is a fundamental difference between Indian Muslims and Pakistani Muslims......
Pakistanis have Talibans who are as hateful and narrow-minded as sanghis like yourself.
>> Owaisi promises to do the same thing once his goons get power...
Owaisi is your blood brother! Didn't you threaten me a day or two ago with what will happen in a couple of months? Your posts may be a truer reflection of Modi's mind than Modi's deceptive speeches!
"Then go and fight your hate wars in Bangladesh or Pakistan or the Kashmir Valey instead of poisoning the atmosphere in all of India! " CAIR pracharak
I have asked several times for people to tell me if there is a fundamental difference between Indian Muslims and Pakistani Muslims. No one has showed me any genetic or cultural difference. The only difference then is that in Pakistan, Muslims have power, so they have completed the final solution to their Hindu problem.
In India, Owaisi promises to do the same thing once his goons get power, and he is a valued member of the secular UPA. It is the duty of Hindus in India to defend ourselves against these savages.
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