Former army chief Gen V.K. Singh is leading a contingent of military officers who are contesting the 16th Lok Sabha elections. Gen Shankar Roy Chowdhury was the only other army chief to enter Parliament but via the Rajya Sabha. V.K. Singh is the most high-profile officer to ever fight an election—and self-acclaimedly one destined to clean the stables of the spectacularly mismanaged ministry of defence, were he to become the country’s next defence minister. In an unabashedly immodest interview to the Hindustan Times, he said he knew what was wrong in the MoD and could set right the deficiencies in the system. He’s got his eyes set on it. Across battleground Ghaziabad, V.K. Singh had deployed in battle formations, across a dozen regions, four-member command teams to help him win the elections. That Gen Singh’s legacy does no army proud is another matter; still one should worry about the signals this sends about the background of service officers aspiring to join the highest house in the country.
Tainted politicians and upright military officers are poles apart. Based on complaints, the Election Commission, according to news reports, had to warn V.K. Singh not to introduce himself as ‘army general’ or ‘army chief’. What can be more embarrassing and denigratory for a former chief?
V.K Singh’s legacy includes taking the government to court over the age row, a blatant anti-government media campaign, sensitive revelations with bearing on internal and external security and a slew of court cases. That such an individual might be considered for ministerial office violates the military code of conduct. Rewarding a retired army chief culpable in the eyes of soldiers with a ticket is tantamount to politicisation of the services. The political opposition has repeatedly been pointing out this anomaly. It is water off a duck’s back as far as V.K Singh is concerned. Sample his latest shenanigan: last week, V.K. Singh was recreating the controversy over naming the successor to Army chief Gen Bikram Singh when he retires this July 31. The present government is all set, and legitimately too, to announce Lt Gen Dalbir Singh Suhag, the seniormost of those in line, as Gen Bikram’s successor. The post is invariably announced 2-3 months in advance and so the new government will not have the required time for processing papers. V.K. Singh tried to put a spoke in the wheel by questioning the timing of taking the next chief’s announcement by the present government as well as Lt Gen Suhag’s credentials. As army chief, he had tried to scuttle the prospect of both generals Bikram and Dalbir taking the coveted post so that his relative, Lt Gen Ashok Singh, could become army chief. By mischievously reviving the succession issue, he’s revealed the real V.K. Singh.
The highest military officer to win an election has been a three-star lieutenant general and the maximum number of officers at any time in both Houses has never exceeded one dozen. Only a sprinkling of officers is to be found in state legislatures. This year, four retired generals and a general’s daughter are joining battle for the Lok Sabha. Ex-servicemen providing organisational support to them is also at a record high. The majority of serving and retired personnel view the BJP as ‘more nationalist than the Congress’ and expect it to do more for the cause of defence and national security. The BJP has formed a ‘strategic action team’ which has in its ranks a lieutenant general-rank office-holder. For the first time, billboards appeared in NCR-Delhi claiming credit for the Congress in implementing the long-delayed one rank, one pension demand. This followed after the BJP had promised to enact the OROP award and ex-servicemen had taken the unprecedented step of countrywide protests and return of medals to the president. These highly politicised manoeuvres will alas likely blur the red line between the soldier and other members of society.
The next political bombshell was the summary dismissal of navy chief Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat which gave the Congress another opportunity to embarrass the government. Bhagwat was variously and effectively used to slam the BJP. More recently, the Congress was paid back in the same coin by the BJP selecting the discredited and disgruntled V.K Singh as its candidate for the 2014 elections for his anticipated critique of the government on its poor defence performance.
Earlier this year, defence minister A.K. Antony had to say what no government minister has ever had to say in response to troop movements ordered in 2011 by V.K. Singh: that the Indian armed forces will never plot a coup. These unsavoury developments over time mark the gradual but only barely imperceptible politicisation of the military, especially the army. It’s a far cry from when the bbc’s epic TV serial, 50 Years After the Raj, singled out the Indian army as the last bastion of democracy.
In liberal democracies, the rights of soldiers are assured and ensured through legislation and Acts of Parliament. For their expertise, retired military officers are appointed as advisors and not compelled to slug it out through the electoral route. Indeed, it is time to reinvigorate parliamentary oversight of defence and national security by reorganising defence consultative and defence standing committees. Further, the Indian military being kept off limits from appointments like the NSA and these made the preserve of the foreign office are retrograde steps which need to be corrected.
The armed forces, for long cocooned in cantonments, have only in this election been given the fundamental right to vote from where they are posted. Although only a few new generals will contest elections, an elaborate network of ex-servicemen has been deployed to support them. For the first time, two army officers are battling it out in Barmer: the erudite nine-time MP, Maj Jaswant Singh, versus three-time MP, Col Sonaram Chaudhary. Politics is extremely divisive and corrosive, it will fracture the army’s cohesion. Sentiments and perceptions that the ‘BJP is a more nationalist’ party and that legitimate rights of soldiers and ex-servicemen can best be secured from inside Parliament could further politicise the military. Gen V.K. Singh has fired the first salvo even before entering Parliament. Azam Khan communalising the victory in Kargil is the flavour of politics of the future. It will need God, politicians and society to keep the army apolitical.
The writer is a retired major-general and a well-known commentator on military affairs.
This is in response to Ashok K. Mehta’s article, Is The Coup Finally Upon Us? (May 12). Despite its sinister headline, Indian democracy and people’s power are strong enough to withstand any attempt by a handful of generals and disgruntled armymen to subvert the system. Gen V.K. Singh’s dalliance with the BJP, and earlier with Anna, is political opportunism at its worst. True that our armed forces have got a bad deal from successive governments, but we did not expect Outlook to question their patriotism, and give publicity to rabble-rousers like Gen Singh.
Selwyn Stanley, Plymouth
Gen Mehta, please get your facts correct before venturing on a diatribe on Gen Singh leading a “contingent of officers who are contesting polls”. Every one of them was spotlessly apolitical while in service. You are wrong when you say that the “highest military officer to win an election has been a three-star lieutenant general....” The highest-ranked military officer to contest parliamentary elections, who became a member of the 14th Lok Sabha representing Garhwal, was Maj Gen Bhuwan Chandra Khanduri, who was cabinet minister for surface transport in the A.B. Vajpayee government. He was also Uttarakhand CM for two terms. You sound unamused when you list that this year four retired generals and a general’s daughter are joining the electoral battle. Why not?
Col C.V. Venugopalan retd, Palakkad
“Rewarding a retired army chief culpable in the eyes of the soldiers with a ticket is tantamount to politicisation of the services.” Are you nuts, Gen Mehta? Which law takes away the right to political participation after leaving the service? Who can take away such an inalienable right? Gen Mehta’s prejudices lead to an absurd lack of balanced analysis.
C.P.C. Nath, Los Angeles
Maj Gen Rajinder Singh, nicknamed ‘Sparrow’, was perhaps the first general to join a party as general secretary. What else but the Congress? The Constitution does not bar any ex-government servant from joining any party or fight elections. And how can it muddy the waters? Rather, more defence personnel should join politics to clear the muddy waters created by politicians. At least they can take care of defence issues. In which country does the navy chief have to resign if his force has no batteries for subs to operate when it’s the Union defence minister and his secretaries who should have resigned?
Ashok Kumar Ghai, Mumbai
As the BJP is expected to be in power, and Gen V.K. Singh is with them, then won’t he be saving us from a coup? Ha ha.
Thank you to all those who have taken the trouble to read the article and share their thoughts. Out of the arguments made here, there are two that perhaps need answering. So here they go.
1. The first part of the article compares outcomes (relative percentages of population of the religions concerned) irrespective of the process that led to those outcomes - whether immigration, relatively faster population growth or conversions. This was for two reasons. One, to put the figure of 2.3 per cent in "numerical perspective", as the article itself explained. The second reason was that outcomes are ultimately what the crux of debate is about. The rest of the article in any case dealt with process - or conversions in this case, from both a contemporary and historical perspective.
2. Some commenters have tried to cast doubts on the reliability of Census 2001. Those who do this should bear in mind that Census 2001 was conducted by a BJP government. Considering the extreme importance that BJP gives to this issue, it would be reasonable to expect that IF it had perceived a problem with the methodology that was distorting the numbers, it would have fixed it. As the article mentioned, BJP or BJP-supported governments have been in power for 10 of the last 40 years, or about a quarter of the time, and the only reasonable conclusion one can arrive at is that any misreporting of numbers, real or perceived, would be marginal and hence, not of importance.
To all other arguments made, my answer is the following: Please read the article again, with particular focus on the quotations of Vivekananda and Monier Williams, and the history of the missionary efforts in Bengal and their outcome.
As BJP's expected to be in power & Gen VK SIngh has joined politics then wont he be saving us from a coup ... LOL
megalomaniac singh will destroy the dignity and ethos our Army. his pals are already fighting to stop the appointment of next Army Chief. it can only mean one thing - they have big plans for Army!
>>General VK Singh introduced us to the concept of a "succession plan".
This is not true. The succession plan was introduced by Genera JJ Singh.
" That such an individual might be considered for ministerial office violates the military code of conduct. Rewarding a retired army chief culpable in the eyes of soldiers with a ticket is tantamount to politicisation of the services." What? Are you nutes?
Which law takes away the rights to political participation after leaving the service and uniform? Who on earth can take away the right to political participation for veteran? I am shocked at your assertions. It is either coloured due to you prejudices or totally absurd due to lack of balanced analysis. Should a veteran keep out of polticls because the services will be "politicised"!
Which "military code of conduct" are you talking about? Are you privy to some Code of Conduct which we are not privy to? Had there been such a code of conduct, can it stand scrutiny? Any code that violates rights of citizen is totally illegal and illegitimate to boot.
To color your analysis with personal prejudices is highl impropriety apart from misguiding ill informed reader who might convinced with the tained logic. I do not know how such pieces pass through editorial scrutiny.
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