I am glad that I have been afforded the opportunity to speak to you directly through this radio from Delhi. It is the first time I believe that a non-official has been accorded an opportunity to address the people through the medium of this powerful instrument direct to the people on political matters.
It augurs well and I hope that in the future I shall have greater facilities to enable me to voice my view and opinions directly to you live rather than in the cold print of the newspapers. The statement of his majesty’s government embodying the plan of the transfer of power to the peoples of India has already been broadcast and will be released to the press to be published tomorrow morning.
It gives the outlines of a plan, for us to give it our most consideration—we have to examine it coolly, calmly and dispassionately. We must remember that we have to take momentous decisions and handle grave issues facing us in the solution of the complex political problem of this great subcontinent inhabited by 400 millions of people. The words have no parallel on the most onerous and difficult task which we have to perform.
Grave responsibilities lie particularly on the shoulders of Indian leaders, therefore we must galvanise and concentrate all our energies to see that the transfer of power is effected in a peaceful and orderly manner. I must earnestly appeal to every community, in particular the Muslims in India, to maintain peace and order. We must examine the plan in its letter and spirit and come our conclusions and take our decision. I pray to god that in this critical moment he may guide us and enable us to discharge our responsibilities in a wise and a statesman-like manner having regard to the sum total of the plan as a whole.
It is clear that the plan does not meet in some important respects our point of view. And we cannot say or feel that we are satisfied or that we agreed with some of the matters dealt with in the plan. It is for us to consider whether the plan as presented to us by his majesty’s government should be accepted by us as a compromise or a settlement.
On this point I do not wish to judge. The decision of the Council of All India Muslim Council League which has been summoned to meet on Monday the 9th of June and the final decision can only be taken by the Council according to our constitution, precedence and practice.
But so far as I have been able to gather, the whole reaction in the Muslim League Circle in Delhi has been hopeful. Of course the plan has got to be very carefully examined in its pros and cons before a final decision can be taken. I must say that I feel the viceroy has battled against various forces very bravely and the expression that he has left in my minds is that he was activated by a high sense of fairness and impartiality and it is important to us to make his task less difficult and help him insofar as it lies in our power in order that he may fulfil his vision of transfer of power to the people of India in a peaceful and orderly manner.
Now that the plan has been broadcast orally and makes it clear in paragraph 11 that the referendum will be made to the electorates of the present legislative assembly and the North West Frontier who will choose which of the two alternatives in paragraph 4 they wish to adopt. The referendum will be held under the aegis of the governor general in consultation with the provincial government.
Hence it is clear that the verdict and the mandate of the people of the Frontier province will be obtained as to whether they want to join the Pakistan Constituent Assembly or the Hindustan Constituent Assembly.
In these circumstances, I request the provincial Muslim League of the Frontier Province to withdraw the movement of peaceful civil disobedience which they have perforce resorted to and I call upon all the leaders of the Muslim League and the Musalmans generally to organise all the people to face the referendum with open courage and I feel confident that the people of the Frontier will give their verdict by a solid vote to join the Pakistan Constituent Assembly.
I cannot but express my appreciation of the sufferings and sacrifices made by all classes of Musalmans and particularly the great part that the women of the Frontier played in the fight for our civil liberties. Without apportioning blame and this is hardly the moment to do so, I deeply sympathise with all those who have suffered and those who died and whose properties were subjected to destruction and I fervently hope that the Frontier will go through this referendum in a peaceful manner and it should be the anxiety of everyone to obtain a fair, free and true verdict of the people.
Once more, I must earnestly appeal to all to maintain peace and order.
There is nothing special in these tapes. Jinnah was a megalomaniac. All this talk about him being 'secular' is mind bogglingly stupid. Here is a man who divided the country in the name of Islam and created an artificial Islamic state (which by definition places non Muslims in the second class category).
Despite the fact that he chose the path of establishing Islamic rule and Islamic supremacy at the cost of vivisection of an ancient nation, some of us still wish to pretend he was secular. It is this kind of muddled wishy washy pseudo liberal thinking process that has to terrible incidents in the past and has reduced India to the status of a banana republic. Facts are facts and they are not going to disappear simply because we wish them to disappear because they are unpleasant.
"I must earnestly appeal to every community, in particular the Muslims in India, to maintain peace and order"
Jinnah was a wise man. Even he acknowledged that more than anyone else, it is the muslims who are more likely to disrupt peace and order.
Congratulations on this fantastic story. This is a piece of history that has eluded scholars for so long. I really enjoyed listening to both the speeches, and am sure these will be helpful to anyone interested in the subcontinent's history.
I wish you had done the transcription of the speeches more thoroughly. There are a number of mistakes running through the text. I would request you to correct these as soon as you can. After all its the exact words and intonation of the speech that we are interested in.
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